|Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Hua Chunying's Regular Press Conference on September 1, 2015|
Q: On August 25, the Foreign Ministry briefed the press about foreign guests' attendance at the September 3 commemorative activities. So far, has any change been made to the attendance?
A: On August 25, at the press conference held by the State Council Information Office for the 70th anniversary of the victory of the Chinese People's War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression and the World Anti-Fascist War, Vice Foreign Minister Zhang Ming briefed the media on the attendance of foreign guests at the commemorative activities. Recently, the government of Papau New Guinea has decided that Governor General Michael Ogio will come to China and attend the activities. President of Indonesia Joko Widodo has designated Coordinating Minister for Human Development and Culture Puan Maharan as his Special Envoy to the activities.
Q: Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir will attend the September 3 activities. President Xi Jinping will also meet with him. Bashir is wanted by the International Criminal Court for war crimes. Is there a contradiction that China invites him to attend activities marking the victory of World War II?
A: African people, including Sudanese people, made important contributions to the victory of the World Anti-Fascist War. It is reasonable and justified for China to invite President Bashir to attend the commemorative activities. China will accord him with due treatment during his stay in China.
Being not a signatory to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, China will deal with relevant issue on the basis of the basic principles of international law.
Q: The international community has been following China's economic performance very closely. Some foreign media claimed that the recent turbulence in China's stock market and the adjustment in RMB exchange rate had negative impacts on China's economic outlook. China's economic recession may cause global financial and economic fluctuations. What is China's comment on that?
A: We are aware that China's economic performance is closely followed by others. For successive days, leading officials in charge of China's finance and economy have done several interviews expounding on China's perspectives. On August 28, Premier Li Keqiang convened a State Council meeting with a purpose to find out how the new circumstances in international economy and finance have affected China's economy and how China should deal with them. The meeting revealed that recent world market volatility has added new uncertainties to the global recovery. China is also experiencing stronger impacts to its financial market, imports, exports and other sectors, and is running its economy under more pressure. China will continue to pursue progress while maintaining stability and move forward structural reform. China's economy is operating in a reasonable range. Its growth rate still leads the world. In fact, if we put the annual growth rate at 7%, China's economic growth is still over 3 times faster than that of the developed economies, making the largest contribution to the world economic growth.
Improving central parity quotation of RMB exchange rate is a reasonable response to the trends of the international financial market. However, RMB enjoys no basis for persistent depreciation, and can be kept basically stable at an adaptive and equilibrium level.
I noted some comments made by foreign experts, saying that it is sounding a false alarm to say China's economy is in crisis, and China's economy shows no signs of a hard landing. The short-term volatility does nothing to compromise China's enormous growth potential, and China's economy is still growing. They have confidence in China's economy. We stand ready to strengthen policy coordination with all countries to push forward structural reform and create new momentum for growth, and jointly contribute to the stability and recovery of world economy.
Q: How does China view the criticism made by the US Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump towards China in his campaign?
A: I am not quite clear about the criticism made by certain people in the US against China, but I know that the major voice in the US calls for steadier and better China-US relations. Recently, the US President's National Security Advisor Susan Rice visited China, laying the groundwork for President Xi Jinping's upcoming state visit to the US. The US side has expressed on many occasions that it looks forward to President Xi's state visit, and it is the common aspiration and aim of the two sides to make this visit a successful one. China and the US keep strengthening their practical cooperation on bilateral, regional and global issues, and properly manage sensitive issues or differences in a constructive way. This serves the common interests of both sides, and does good to the whole world.
Q: Do you have any response to Trump's specific remarks?
A: Everyone has the right to air his or her personal opinion, but it is the policies towards China adopted by the US government and the mainstream opinion of the US people that we value more.
Q: China-US relations are experiencing some difficulties at the moment. What kinds of impact will Trump's words have on the general political environment between the two countries?
A: Decades of development of China-US relations proves that despite various voices and disturbances that may occur from time to time, bilateral relations keep moving forward. The two heads of state have reached important consensus on building a new type of major-country relations. This fully showcases that people in China and the US expect bilateral relations to develop and improve, and a steady China-US relationship serves the interests of the two countries and the world at large. It is hoped that the two sides can work towards the goal together, make more constructive remarks, do more constructive deeds, make greater efforts to manage and handle differences in a constructive way, expand common ground and narrow differences. I believe that is what we should do as two major countries for the world and the people.
Q: On August 30, Japanese civil groups rallied outside the Diet building to protest against the new security legislation. On the same day, over 200 places all over Japan held demonstrations or rallies. What is China's comment on that?
A: Due to historical reasons, Japan's policy moves in its military and security fields have been closely watched by its Asian neighbors and the international community. We hope the Japanese government can listen attentively to the call for justice in its country, learn hard lessons from history, stay on the path of peaceful development, act with prudence in its military and security fields, and do more things that are conducive to regional peace and stability.
Q: China has made extensive preparations for the September 3 commemoration, and has invited many foreign dignitaries. However, Europe as a crucial party to World War II will not send a high-level representative, nor will the US. Is China satisfied with the number of foreign leaders who will attend the military parade?
A: We have said many times that the September 3 commemoration is a grand event for the Chinese people. We have invited countries and international friends relevant to the Chinese People's War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression and the World Anti-Fascist War to come to China and hold the commemoration with us. Our purpose of doing this is to remember the history, pay tribute to the fallen heroes, cherish peace, open up the future and demonstrate the aspiration for peace and the determination to safeguard peace.
China's invitations have been met with extensive and positive responses from the international community. The invited guests come from all corners of the world and are highly representative. It fully shows that the Chinese people and people from around the world share strong consensus and common will in remembering the history and safeguarding peace.
Q: Do you mean that China does not care who are sent to attend the military parade?
A: Vice Foreign Minister Zhang Ming has laid out everything clearly at the press conference on the commemoration held by the State Council Information Office on August 25. China has invited countries and international friends relevant to the Chinese People's War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression and the World Anti-Fascist War to come to China and attend the commemorative activities. China's invitations have received extensive and positive responses from the international community. As a way of showing their acknowledgment and appreciation of the huge sacrifices and important contributions made by the Chinese people during World War II, some countries asked to attend the commemorative activities. We warmly welcome that. We believe that whoever comes to our home is our guest. As for who is sent to the commemoration, it is a decision made by each country independently. We welcome and respect their decisions. We will receive all the guests warmly.
Q: Russian President Vladimir Putin, German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President François Hollande agreed in their recent telephone conversation about the Ukrainian crisis that it would be helpful for leaders of Russia, Germany, France and Ukraine to meet within a few weeks. What is China's comment on that?
A: The Chinese side welcomes all the efforts for the settlement of Ukrainian crisis through political dialogues. It is hoped that all relevant parties would take concrete actions to implement the Minsk agreement and jointly uphold peace, security and stability of Ukraine and the entire Europe.
Q: It is reported that the dialogue between national security advisers of India and Pakistan scheduled for August 23 and 24 was canceled. The two sides had several exchanges of fire at border areas. India-Pakistan relationship is getting tense. What is China's comment on that?
A: The Chinese side follows closely the development of the situation. As a neighbor and friend to both India and Pakistan, the Chinese side calls on the two countries to exercise restraint, resume talks at an early date, manage the situation through consultation, properly deal with differences and stay committed to peace, stability and development of South Asia.
Q: The Japanese side recently lodged a protest against UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon's plan to attend commemoration activities on September 3 in China. What is China's comment on that?
A: We have noted the relevant report and the explicit statement made by the executive office of the Secretary-General on that. The Chinese side repeatedly stated that the Chinese government holds commemoration activities on September 3 to memorize the history, pay tribute to the martyrs, cherish peace and open up to the future. The United Nations is an important outcome of the victory of the Second World War. The Chinese side welcomes the attendance by Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and leaders of other countries at the commemoration activities in China. It is ridiculous for the Japanese side to make the relevant remarks when the international community is holding all kinds of commemorations to mark the 70th anniversary of the victory of the World Anti-Fascist War. We urge the Japanese side to face up to and reflect upon the history of militarist aggression in an honest and modest attitude.
Q: Minister of State for External Affairs General Vijay Kumar Singh of India will come to attend the commemoration activities and hold talks with Foreign Minister Wang Yi in China, but the Indian side will not send troops for the military parade. What is China's comment on that?
A: The Chinese side welcomes Minister of State for External Affairs General Vijay Kumar Singh who will attend relevant commemoration activities as the representative of the Indian government. We will receive Mr. Singh warmly and cordially, and make proper arrangements.
Major General Qu Rui, Deputy Director of the Office of the Parade Leading Group had given a detailed introduction about the military parade at the press briefing held by the State Council Information Office on August 25. The Chinese side respects the choice made by each country on whether to send troops to China for the military parade or not.