|Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Lu Kang's Regular Press Conference on October 28, 2016|
At the invitation of Prime Minister Sooronbay Jeenbekov of the Kyrgyz Republic, Prime Minister Bakhytzhan Sagintayev of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Prime Minister Maris Kucinskis of the Republic of Latvia, Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev of the Russian Federation, Premier Li Keqiang will, from November 2 to 9, pay an official visit to Kyrgyzstan and attend the 15th Meeting of the SCO Council of Heads of Governments (Prime Ministers) in Bishkek, pay an official visit to Kazakhstan and attend the 3rd China-Kazakhstan Regular Prime Ministers' Meeting in Astana, pay an official visit to Latvia and attend the 5th Summit of China and Central and Eastern European Countries in Riga, and pay an official visit to Russia and attend the 21th Regular Meeting of the prime ministers of the two countries.
Regarding Premier Li Keqiang's visits, the Foreign Ministry will hold a press briefing at 0830 a.m. on October 31 (Monday). More details about Premier Li Keqiang's visits will be offered by officials in charge from the Foreign Ministry at the briefing. There will also be a Q & A session. You are welcome to attend the briefing.
At the invitation of Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin of the Russian Federation, and Deputy Prime Minister Mehmet Simsek of the Republic of Turkey, Vice Premier of the State Council Wang Yang will attend the 20th session of the Committee on Regular Meetings between Chinese and Russian Prime Ministers in Russia, visit Turkey and attend the first meeting of China-Turkey Vice Premier-level Intergovernmental Cooperation Committee from November 1 to 5.
Q: It is reported that the German government decided to review a Chinese consortium's bid to purchase Ledvance, a German light bulb company. Before that, the government also turned down a Chinese company's takeover of Aixtron, a German semi-conductor equipment manufacturer. The attitude shift in the German government is said to be caused by security alerts fed by the US intelligence agency, which said that China might use Aixtron's chips to develop nuclear programs. What is your comment?
A: For a long time, trade and investment between China and Germany, which is conducted in the spirit of mutual benefit and win-win results, has been delivering solid benefits to the two sides. Interest-driven interference by a third party in normal and market principle-based investment activities between enterprises of the two countries is not what bilateral trade and investment is meant to be, and will also hurt the interests of the companies and people of the two sides.
We have noted that many media reports have been following the policy adjustments in Germany. Some commented that an open Germany has derived great benefit, but government intervention will have a negative effect on the image of the German economy and its investment environment.
We have said before that the Chinese government encourages Chinese companies to invest overseas while following market principles, international norms and local laws. We also hope that the relevant country can ensure a level-playing field for Chinese enterprises.
Q: On October 27, the First Committee of the UN General Assembly voted through a resolution to expedite negotiations on a treaty banning nuclear weapons. China abstained in the vote. Could you tell us why China abstained, instead of voting for or against it?
A: You all know China's position on nuclear disarmament. We endorse a comprehensive prohibition and complete destruction of nuclear weapons, which has been our solemn commitment since the first day when we came into possession of nuclear weapons. Meanwhile, our nuclear strategy is self-defensive in nature, and we have been keeping our force at the minimum level for us to ensure national security. China sticks to its pledge of not being the first to use nuclear weapons and is the only nuclear weapon state who has promised unconditionally not to use or threaten to use nuclear weapons on non-nuclear states or nuclear-weapon-free zones.
We absolutely understand the wishes of some countries to realize a nuclear-free world at an early date. The thing is that the comprehensive ban and total destruction of nuclear weapons cannot come overnight. Efforts shall be made in an incremental way under the principle of maintaining global strategic stability and not comprising the security of any state. And such efforts shall be advanced under the current multilateral disarmament mechanism. Any attempt to seek an alternative path and undermine consensus by consultation might be counterproductive. Based on these considerations, China abstained from the vote.
Q: President Pedro Pablo Kuczynski of Peru made a speech on October 26 when meeting the press to mark his 100th day in office, in which he mentioned China multiple times on political, economic and tourism fronts. What is your comment? What is your take on the current China-Peru relations?
A: Peru is an important Latin American country and also China's Comprehensive Strategic Partner. President Kuczynski is friendly towards China and attaches great importance to China-Peru relations. Last month, he chose China as the destination of his first foreign visit as a President. During his talks with President Xi Jinping, they reached broad consensus on enhancing China-Peru Comprehensive Strategic Partnership, promoting political mutual trust and strengthening practical cooperation in trade, investment, culture, technology, education and tourism, among other fields. China stands ready to work with Peru to follow up on the important consensus and benefit our people with even greater cooperation outcomes.
Q: The Washington Free Beacon quoted the draft report by the US-China Economic and Security Review Commission as saying that China has stolen US secrets on Pentagon war plans for a future conflict with China. Have you seen the report? What is your comment?
A: Comments on other countries shall be based on facts. The organization you mentioned always publishes irresponsible remarks on China-US relations which do no good to the normal development of China-US relations.
Q: Indian media reported that the so-called "Arunachel Pradesh" government, which is illegal, has invited the Dalai Lama to visit the eastern section of China-India border next March. The central government of India has given its green light to this. What is your comment?
A: China is deeply concerned about this news. China's position on the eastern section of the China-India border is clear and consistent. The Dalai clique has long been engaging in anti-China separatist activities. Its record on the China-India boundary question is not that glorious. India knows full well the severity of the Dalai issue and the sensitivity of the China-India boundary question. To invite the 14th Dalai Lama to the disputed areas under such circumstances will only damage peace and stability of the border areas and bilateral relations.
China firmly opposes the 14th Dalai Lama's trip to the disputed territory, and demands India to adhere to its political commitments on Tibet-related issues, follow the important consensus between the two sides on the boundary question, refrain from further complicating the question and providing a stage for the Dalai clique to carry out anti-China separatist activities so as to avoid hampering the sound and stable development of China-India relations.
Q: Is China willing to ban all imports of coal, iron ores and other materials from the DPRK, as a way of sanctioning DPRK's 6th nuclear test in September?
A: Our position on DPRK's nuclear tests is very clear. The Foreign Ministry has put up relevant statements, and the Foreign Ministry spokesperson has repeated our solemn position multiple times. Our position is subject to no change.
For the DPRK's repeated nuclear tests, China supports the Security Council in making further response. We also believe that such response shall be clearly targeted. The Security Council members are now in close consultation on relevant draft resolution.
Follow-up: Does that mean China is unwilling to fully ban coal and iron ore imports?
A: I think I have made my point clear that the Security Council resolution should target DPRK's nuclear tests and DPRK's nuclear and missile programs. As for what kind of resolution will emerge at last from the consultation among all members, we shall wait and see.
Q: Some media reported that Philippine fishermen can now fish in waters off Huangyan Dao without Chinese interference. Can you confirm?
A: As we have been saying, before the erroneous policy of the previous Philippine government led to the deterioration of China-Philippine relations, the two countries had been properly managing disputes related to the South China Sea through bilateral dialogue and consultation and conducting cooperation, for the most part of the history since the establishment of diplomatic relations. With President Duterte's visit, bilateral relations have turned to a new page of all-around improvement. Under such circumstances, it is fully possible for the two countries to return to the track of managing disputes through consultation and focusing on cooperation. When he was in China, the two sides discussed fishery cooperation in the South China Sea, including fishing industrial cooperation. What I can tell you is that the two sides are in communication on this.
Q: First, on Dalai's visit to the "Arunachel Pradesh", the Indian Foreign Ministry Spokesperson said that this is not the first time that Dalai visits the region as an honored guest. China-India relationship continued even after his visits to the place earlier. What is your reaction? Second, recent reports from Pakistan said that the Pakistani government has put Masood, the head of the Jaish-e-Mohammad, under house arrest and frozen his bank accounts. India is trying to designate Masood as a terrorist at the UN while China has put a technical hold on that. What is your comment on this?
A: On your first question, having made one mistake does not give a permit to make another one. It is even more unacceptable to repeat mistakes. As I said, by allowing the 14th Dalai Lama to visit the relevant region, India has violated its political pledges and offered a stage for the anti-China separatist forces, which is unhelpful for peace and stability of the China-India border and detrimental to China-India relations.
On your second question, we all know that Pakistan is also a victim of terrorism. We commend the counter-terrorism efforts made by Pakistan and support its counter-terrorism operations based on its national conditions. Terrorism is the common enemy of all mankind. We believe in stronger international cooperation to jointly address the terrorist threats and safeguard the security of the human society.
Q: German media reported that the German government refused a Chinese consortium's bid to buy Ledvance, a German light bulb company. What is your comment?
A: I took this question just now. Media have been following the latest developments in trade and investment between China and Germany, investment in particular. They have also taken note of some undue disruptions. So we hope that the two sides can continue to uphold the principle of mutual benefit and win-win results, facilitate and provide a level playing field for enterprises of the two sides.
Q: The Malaysian Defense Ministry said that it will sign a procurement contract with China's State Administration of Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense for the purchase of naval vessels on November 5. Can you confirm?
A: I am not aware of the specific, but China and Malaysia remain normal cooperation and exchanges in various fields.
Q: What is the specific time and location for the vice prime ministers' meeting between China and Russia?
A: As I said, Vice Premier Wang Yang will attend the 20th session of the Committee on Regular Meetings between Chinese and Russian Prime Ministers in Moscow, Russia. Vice Premier Wang Yang will first travel to Russia and then to Turkey from November 1 to 5.